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Employers added 155,000 jobs in December, the Labor Department said, which is close to analysts' forecasts and consistent with job growth over the last several months. The unemployment rate was 7.8 percent in December, unchanged from its revised level in November (that month's jobless rate had previously been reported at 7.7 percent).
Both numbers point to a labor market that is getting stronger but not particularly rapidly. The economy in December was what we thought it was: trudging along consistently.
The gain of 155,000 jobs last month varies little from the average pace of increase over the last three months (151,000 jobs a month), or the last six months (160,000), or the full year 2012 (153,000). At that pace, U.S. unemployment should shrink slowly but steadily over time.
The new numbers showed that employers were not especially worried about the "fiscal cliff" -- the series of tax increases and spending cuts that were scheduled to take effect Jan. 1 but which was averted at the last minute earlier this week -- and did not ratchet back hiring on any large scale. While many executives voiced fear and annoyance at the hijinks in Washington over the standoff, the down-to-the-wire debate did not, from this report at least, appear to translate into fewer jobs.
Markets were little changed, reflecting analysts expectations for the report. The Standard & Poor's 500 index was down 0.2 percent at 9:45 a.m.
"While more work remains to be done, today's employment report provides further evidence that the U.S. economy is continuing to heal from the wounds inflicted by the worst downturn since the Great Depression," said Alan Krueger, the chief White House economist, in a statement Friday morning.
In his statement, House Speaker John Boehner (R-Ohio) said, "Too many Americans are still out of work and Washington has too much debt," and he advocated spending cuts and changes to entitlement programs.
The details of the report paint a solid but uninspiring picture. The unemployment rate was driven by a combination of more people entering the labor force, 192,000 of them, a gain not matched by the number of people reporting having a job. If that pattern were to continue, it would eventually push the jobless rate up even as employers create new positions. A broader measure of unemployment, which captures people working part time who want a full-time job and those who have given up looking for work out of frustration, was unchanged at 14.4 percent.
Source: Washington Post | Neil Irwin