Senators Intoduce New Plan that Offers Path to Citizenship for 11 Million Illegal Immigrants

A bipartisan group of eight senators on Monday introduced a set of immigration reform proposals, including a pathway to citizenship for the 11 million illegal immigrants already in the country. They hope to pass the legislation as early as late spring.

It's an ambitious timetable for a wedge issue that saw its last comprehensive law passed in 1986. In 2007, lawmakers tried and failed to address the status of illegal immigrants currently in the U.S. But some Republican lawmakers have become more open to examining the issue after Hispanic voters broke heavily for Democrats in last November's elections.

The new proposal, currently just an outline, aims to appease Democrats by allowing immigrants already in the country to apply for legal status and seeks to attract Republican support by promising to beef up border security through more agents and drones. The four Democrats and four Republicans behind the plan agreed to allow undocumented workers to register with the government and, upon paying a fine, be allowed to keep working under a probationary legal status. The effort also calls for stiffer verification measures for employers and includes the DREAM Act, the pathway to citizenship for immigrants brought to the U.S. as children. That act, popular among Democrats, has been implemented in part already through a executive order issued last year by President Barack Obama.

"We believe this will be the year Congress finally gets immigration done," said Sen. Chuck Schumer, a Democrat from New York. "The politics on this issue have been turned upside down. For the first time, there's more political risk in opposing immigration reform than in supporting it."

The Democratic senators joining Schumer are: Richard Durbin of Illinois, Robert Menendez of New Jersey and Michael Bennet of Colorado.

But it will be the Republicans in Congress who will be more closely watched during this immigration debate. Many conservatives see a pathway to citizenship for illegal immigrants already here as rewarding those who have disobeyed the country's laws.

John McCain of Arizona, one of the Republicans behind the proposal, said it creates a tough but fair path to citizenship.

"It is not beneficial to this country to have these people here, hidden in the shadows," said McCain, who also participated in the unsuccessful immigration effort in 2007.

McCain also acknowledged political considerations that can no longer be ignored: "The Republican Party is losing the support of our Hispanic citizens."

Also joining McCain on the Republican side are Jeff Flake of Arizona, Lindsey Graham of South Carolina and, most significantly, Marco Rubio of Florida.

This will be a spotlight opportunity for Rubio, a Cuban-American with ambitions for the 2016 Republican presidential nomination. Rubio pleased conservatives on Jan. 1 when he voted against a late-night fiscal cliff deal that punted on spending cuts. But he may alienate those same conservatives by supporting any form of amnesty in this immigration deal. He is expected to push for the security elements of the plan to be implemented before the citizenship pathway begins. That likely won't be a priority in any White House immigration plan. Obama is expected to unveil his immigration specifics on Tuesday.

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Edward Lee Pitts
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